Poliçan is a city situated in south-central Albania. It has a population of about 12,000 inhabitants and is surrounded by several hills from whom it is said the nominative derives from.It is composed by few neighbourhoods like Plirez, Pronovik, Kalluc, Poligon, Lavdar and City center.
Historically city of Polican has been part of Berat County except from 1978-1991 when city was made part of Skrapar due to political pressure of regime at that time. It is a great city even though it was industrial made.
The city is situated 519m above sea level, but the proximity with the Osum river maintains a typical and Mediterranean climate, with all the four seasons accentuated
The city was built in the 1960s by the Communist government with the purpose of creating an industrial town for the production of weapons and munition.
For long time it has been called the "ghost" town, from whom not much more was been revealed for security reasons.
The economy of the town is still concentrated in the weapons industry, in which the biggest part of the community works. However, after the collapse of the communist regime in 1990, the production has collapsed. The industrial sector is also active through a small factory for the production of beer.
Agricultural activities include the growth of wheat, maize, beans and other vegetables.
In the surrounding hills olive chestnuts, nuts, figs, cherries and grapes are also cultivated. Grapes are mainly produced for raki. There is also a greenhouse of 0.5 km².